New Materials for sollar cells Applications



The objective of this course is to provide an insight into the fundamentals of solar cells and describe the manufacturing processes of different types of photovoltaics (PV). Throughout the course, students will learn physical principles of solar irradiation and solar cell operation. Emerging concepts of polymer, hybrid and quantum-dot-based solar cells will be described including device physics, manufacturing and technological development.


  • History of Solar Cells
  • Basic terminology and definitions in the fields of solar cells, new materials for solar cells and applications.
  • Overview of solar cells applications.
  • Introduction to the fundamentals of solar energy, Why solar energy, the importance of solar energy
  • Solar panel system installations, Key components in a basic photovoltaic (solar panel) system, explanation of the function of each component in the system.
  • Comparison of solar energy to other energy resources.
  • Understanding of solar cell technologies
  • Knowledge on the power generation from solar cells - Εxplanation of how solar panels, or photovoltaics (PV for short), convert sunlight to electricity, Calculation the electrical demand of a building, how to reduce the overall demand, and then how to design a solar panel system that can meet that annual demand at a given location.
  • Description of the operation of solar cells, Efficiency of solar cells
  • Introduction in the Production of solar cell
  • Raw materials, Knowledge on the use of silicon for the production of solar cell
  • The manufacturing process (Purifying the silicon, Making single crystal silicon, Making silicon wafers, Doping, Placing electrical contacts, The anti-reflective coating, Encapsulating the cell
  • Quality control
  • New materials, Future
  • Case studies. Market situation and perspectives.
  • Mono- and multi-crystalline solar cells
  • Thin-film solar cells, a potential solution to the significant problem associated with silicon solar cells: namely energy payback time, knowledge on the use of Thin-film solar cells
  • New emerging technologies, polymer solar cells, examples of a third-generation solar cell technology, pros and cons of this technology, knowledge on the use of Polymer solar cells
  • Selection of solar cell technologies and comparing all the different solar cell technologies.
  • Case studies and examples.
  • Understanding of the concept, importance and methodologies for materials characterization
  • Description of the characterization techniques, the most important techniques used to characterize and study the properties of traditional and advanced materials (X‐ray diffraction techniques, thermal analysis measurements, vibrational spectroscopy techniques as well as basic measurements of mechanical properties of materials such as strength and hardness measurements)
  • In‐depth understanding of these techniques, the preparation of measurement samples, the performance of measurements and the analysis of measurements
  • Laboratory training


  • Crystalline solar cells descripton
  • optical properties of solar cells
  • Description of the Optical measurements
  • Design and perform of optical measurement
  • Laboratory training



  • Polymer solar cells description
  • Identification of material properties, Understanding of material properties
  • Mechanical properties of the materials, the revelation of the microstructure, the chemical composition and their morphology, the formulation and characterization of the final product.
  • Modeling a solar cell, Knowledge of solar energy conversion by semiconductors
  • Case studies for product improvement and new designs.


·      Define Methodology and Importance of materials characterization

·      List the Characterization techniques

 Case study and examples of selected techniques for characterisation

·      Describe the optical measurements

·      Identify materials properties and characterization

       Case study selected materiasl 

Define implement Solar Energy Spectrum and the Necessity of Band Gap Tuning

  • Description of the Implement Solar Energy Spectrum and the Necessity of Band Gap Tuning.
  • Perform experiments to measure Band Gap of ZnO Films Using UV-Vis Absorption Spectra (CBL).
  • Preparation of Zn1-xMxO Films and analysis of results.Case studies and examples.

·      Recognize the relationship of the profession of Industrial Design and Production Engineering and the renewable resources of energy and their interdependence.

·      Ability to apply that knowledge in his/her business life.

  • Case studies on solar cell selection based on the total cost of ownership.
  • Case studies on new materials for solar cells based on the total cost and environmental impact.
  • Case studies on selecting raw materials based on environmental impact and economic benefits.
  • Evaluation of the costs and benefits in terms of energy and environmental impact for selecting the different source of materials for products or services.

Estimations of carbon fees and production cost under the different selection of raw materials and solar cells.